A study of some of the foundry processing factors influencing the quality of titanium alloy investment castings

Khaled, Iman (2015). A study of some of the foundry processing factors influencing the quality of titanium alloy investment castings. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Titanium aluminide alloys are prone to extensive shrinkage porosity, particularly interdendritic layer porosity. This research aims to develop a better understanding of shrinkage porosity in Ti-46Al-8Nb alloy and how to minimize it.

Practical measurements in conjunction with computer simulations were carried out in order to study the effects of cooling rate and temperature gradient on shrinkage porosity in Ti-46Al-8Nb investment castings, through investigating the influence of casting geometry, specifically mould taper on cylindrical bars, and preheating mould temperature on the macrostructure and the formation of shrinkage porosity.

The interface heat-transfer coefficient of the ceramic shell/surroundings was determined using measured cooling curves obtained in 200 mbar of Argon and in vacuum. Furthermore, the alloy/mould interfacial heat transfer coefficient was estimated and was verified by comparing measured and predicted cooling curves of Ti-46Al-8Nb.

The Niyama criterion function was validated to predict shrinkage-related porosity in Ti-46Al-8Nb castings, through either thermal or tilt-filling ProCastTM simulation models. Positions in a casting with Niyama values above 4 (°C. min)0.5cm-1; (3 (K. s)0.5mm-1); could be considered completely sound. The critical value of the Niyama function was 2 (°C. min)0.5cm-1; (1.5 (K. s)0.5mm-1); below which the position tested was susceptible to macroshrinkage porosity.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Metallurgy and Materials
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
T Technology > TS Manufactures
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/5989


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