Fabrication of lead free and lead based 1-3 piezoelectric composites for high frequency ultrasound transducers

Thongchai, Tanikan (2018). Fabrication of lead free and lead based 1-3 piezoelectric composites for high frequency ultrasound transducers. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This thesis is concerned with the fabrication and characterisation of lead free piezocomposites and transducers for use in high frequency medical ultrasound imaging applications. A water based gel casting and micro moulding approach has been developed to fabricate 1-3 composites with a random pillar structure in the lead free and lead based piezoelectric material. High frequency transducers incorporating the random composites as the active components have been fabricated, characterised and demonstrated in real tissue imaging environments. A water based gel casting system has been used incorporating Hydantoin Epoxy resin, amine hardener (Bis (3-aminoproply) amine) and dispersant. Viscosities of the 50BCZT and PZT systems were minimised by the addition of 2.4 and 1 wt% of dispersant respectively. The highest values of piezoelectric and dielectric properties corresponded to 50BCZT samples fabricated with a gel casting slurry incorporating 30 wt% resin and sintered at 1425 °C, with d33 and kp values of 330 pC/N and 0.43, respectively. 1-3 composites were successfully fabricated from the BCZT and PZT bristle block structures and only one resonance peak corresponding to the thickness mode was observed. PZT composites offered generally higher thickness coupling coefficients than 50BCZT composites, where the highest value of 0.78 was measured for samples sintered at temperature 1425 °C. Focused PZT, focused 50BCZT, unfocussed PZT and unfocussed 50BCZT transducers were successfully fabricated using the composites with randomised structure, and have operating frequencies of 35, 40, 50 and 35 MHz respectively.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Metallurgy and Materials
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/8041


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