The comparison of binge drinking in young females from two populations: the role of mental health and resilience

Bryce, Renata Mello (2017). The comparison of binge drinking in young females from two populations: the role of mental health and resilience. University of Birmingham. Clin.Psy.D.

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Abstract

Aims: To compare binge-drinking between a university student and community sample of young females.
Methods: A secondary-data analyses of two cross-sectional studies. A total of 409 participants were included (161 community and 248 students). The primary hypotheses explored the differences between the populations with regards to socio-demographic factors and clinical variables stratified by drinking status, the secondary hypotheses were to ascertain the relationship between resilience and mental health and their effect on hazardous drinking.
Results: The total prevalence of binge drinking was 56.2%. Students had a higher prevalence (59.7%) than the community (50.9%) but this difference was not statistically significant. However, the community sample was at a higher risk for hazardous drinking and had poorer mental well-being in comparison to the students. No differences were found with regards to resilience. Mental well-being was the factor contributing the most to the variance on hazardous drinking with resilience not playing any part.
Discussion: This is one of the few studies that focuses on elucidating binge drinking in young women and attempted to compare binge and hazardous drinking between a university student and community populations. Prevalence rates were similar to published rates for the UK. However, these high rates and the earlier age of onset of alcohol consumption pose a challenge to Public Health, in particular related to harmful effects on future reproductive health. In addition, this study suggests that mental well-being is a strong predictor of hazardous drinking, regardless of resilience. Efforts to improve the mental well-being of children and adolescents is fundamental to avoid problem-drinking later in life.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Graham, HermineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Howard, RuthUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence:
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology
Funders: Other
Other Funders: National Health Service
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/7407

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