Remote sensing of road surface conditions

Abbas, Mohammad (2017). Remote sensing of road surface conditions. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Abstract

The remote real time identification of road surfaces is an increasingly important task in the automotive world. The development of automotive active safety system requires a remote sensing technology that alerts drivers to potential hazards such as slippery surfaces caused by water, mud, ice, snow etc. This will improve the safety of driving and reduce the road accidents all over the world. This thesis is dedicated to the experimental study of the feasibility of an affordable short-range ultrasonic and radar system for road surface recognition ahead of a vehicle. It introduces a developed novel system which can recognize the surfaces for all terrains (both on-road and off-road) based on the analysis of backscattered signals. Fundamental theoretical analysis, extensive modelling and practical experiments demonstrated that the use of pattern recognition techniques allows for reliable discrimination of the surfaces of interest. The overall classification system is described, including features extraction and their number reduction, as well as optimization of the algorithms. The performance of 4 classification algorithms was assessed and evaluated to confirm the effectiveness of the system. Several aspects like the complexity of the classification algorithms and the priori knowledge of the environment were investigated to explore the potential of this research and the possibility of introducing the surface classification system into the automotive market in the nearest future.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Gardner, PeterUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gashinova, MarinaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering
Funders: Other
Other Funders: The University of Birmingham
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
URI: http://147.188.217.239/id/eprint/7379

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