EEG-fMRI in epilepsy and sleep

Rollings, David T. (2017). EEG-fMRI in epilepsy and sleep. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This thesis used simultaneous electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate both epilepsy and sleep. Initially, EEG-fMRI was used in a cohort of patients with complex epilepsy referred from a tertiary epilepsy clinic for both pre-surgical evaluation and diagnostic reasons. The results suggest a limited utility of EEG-fMRI in the epilepsy clinic with a very complex patient group. Following on, investigation of early blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal changes in a group of patients with focal epilepsy demonstrated potentially meaningful BOLD changes occurring six seconds prior to interictal epileptiform discharges, and modelling less than this six seconds can result in overlap of the haemodynamic response function used to model BOLD changes. The same analysis was used to model endogenously occurring sleep paroxysms; K-complexes (KCs), vertex sharp waves (VSWs) and sleep spindles (SSs), finding early BOLD signal changes with SSs in group data. Finally, KCs and VSWs were investigated in more detail in a group of participants under both sleep deprived and non-deprived conditions, demonstrating an increase in overall activation for both KCs and VSWs following sleep deprivation. Overall, we find early BOLD changes are not restricted to pathological events and sleep deprivation can enhance BOLD responses.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine


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