Experimental investigation of the aerodynamics of a class 43 high speed train

Gallagher, Martin (2017). Experimental investigation of the aerodynamics of a class 43 high speed train. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This study aims to investigate the aerodynamic phenomena of passenger trains by undertaking a series of experimental investigations into the aerodynamics of a Class 43 high speed train (HST). A contextual research background is presented with regards to two significant aerodynamic phenomena - slipstreams and crosswinds. Model-scale experiments were undetaken on a l/25th scale HST model at the TRAIN rig moving model rig facility in order to measure slipstreams at a range of trackside positions and with different ballast heights. Crosswind effects were investigated through two model-scale tests and an extensive campaign of innovative train-based surface pressure measurements onboard an operational HST. A wind tunnel test investigated the flow field and pressure distribution around an HST power car and calculation of aerodynamic loads. A symmetrical pair of pressure taps at the train nose enabled yaw angle to be calculated at full scale. A scale-model test using a crosswind generator was undertaken and the magnitudes of aerodynamic loads compared very favorably with the wind tunnel data. The novel full scale it has been possible it isolate open-air data and gusts, and estimate the overturning forces due to crosswinds by a considered approach to surface pressure measurements.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TF Railroad engineering and operation
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/7269


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