Monitoring and predicting railway subsidence using InSAR and time series prediction techniques

Yang, Ziyi (2015). Monitoring and predicting railway subsidence using InSAR and time series prediction techniques. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Improvements in railway capabilities have resulted in heavier axle loads and higher speed operations, which increase the dynamic loads on the track. As a result, railway subsidence has become a threat to good railway performance and safe railway operation. The author of this thesis provides an approach for railway performance assessment through the monitoring and prediction of railway subsidence.
The InSAR technique, which is able to monitor railway subsidence over a large area and long time period, was selected for railway subsidence monitoring. Future trends of railway subsidence should also be predicted using subsidence prediction models based on the time series deformation records obtained by InSAR. Three time series prediction models, which are the ARMA model, a neural network model and the grey model, are adopted in this thesis.
Two case studies which monitor and predict the subsidence of the HS1 route were carried out to assess the performance of HS1. The case studies demonstrate that except for some areas with potential subsidence, no large scale subsidence has occurred on HS1 and the line is still stable after its 10 years' operation. In addition, the neural network model has the best performance in predicting the subsidence of HS1.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TF Railroad engineering and operation


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