Experimental study on diesel spray with single and multiple injection under room temperature and low temperature

Wang, Ziman (2015). Experimental study on diesel spray with single and multiple injection under room temperature and low temperature. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Multiple-injection strategy can downsize the penetration and boost the atomization, causing higher IMEP and lower emissions. Multiple-injection however is complex, especially under cold condition.
The injection characteristics were first studied by applying long-tube measuring instrument. Single and split injection strategies were employed. The flow rate and fuel mass were quantitatively studied. Furthermore, the interaction among splits was linked to dwell interval and injection duration of each split. The influences of temperature were also studied.
A microscope and a CCD camera were then employed to study the primary breakup. The regime for the mushroom spray head was analyzed and the dispersion quality was quantified. The breakup-regime study was carried out. Flow regimes in nozzle dominate the breakup. Dwell interval, injection pressure, the number of injections and fuel temperature determined the interaction.
The following is the investigation of macroscopic characteristics with high speed imaging technique. The effects of back pressure and the interaction between injections were investigated. The impact of cold fuel temperature was investigated and various correlations were employed to probe the influence of fuel temperature.
The velocities and sizes of droplets were finally studied with Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: Other
Other Funders: China Scholarship Council
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/6123


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