Exhaust gas fuel reforming for improved gasoline direct injection engine efficiency and emissions


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Fennell, Daniel Alexander (2014). Exhaust gas fuel reforming for improved gasoline direct injection engine efficiency and emissions. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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The thesis investigates how exhaust gas fuel reforming, also known as reformed exhaust gas recirculation (REGR), may benefit direct injection gasoline (GDI) engine efficiency and emissions. REGR is a thermochemical process that has potential for efficiently producing hydrogen-rich gas onboard a vehicle by using waste exhaust energy to promote endothermic reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. Partially fuelling a gasoline engine with hydrogen generally improves engine thermal efficiency.

The experimental research begins by simulating REGR on single- and multi-cylinder GDI engines, which indicates that REGR can increase engine thermal efficiency by up to 9% and reduce NOx by up to 96%. Particulate matter (PM) measurements reveal that REGR significantly reduces PM number and mass emissions, beyond that achieved by EGR.

Further experiments with a full-scale prototype exhaust gas fuel reformer integrated with the multi-cylinder GDI engine demonstrate improved fuel efficiency at a wide range of engine conditions, by 8% for conditions typical of motorway driving. The reforming process is observed to be overall endothermic when the exhaust temperature is above 650°C, and the reformed fuel enthalpy is increased by up to 21% in these experiments.

The results demonstrate that REGR can simultaneously increase engine thermal efficiency, and reduce gaseous and PM emissions.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/5439


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