Cardinality optimization problems

Abdi, Mohammad Javad (2013). Cardinality optimization problems. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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In this thesis, we discuss the cardinality minimization problem (CMP) and the cardinality constraint problem. Due to the NP-hardness of these problems, we discuss different computational and relaxation techniques for finding an approximate solution to these problems. We also discuss the l\(_1\)-minimization as one of the most efficient methods for solving CMPs, and we demonstrate that the l\(_1\)-minimization uses a kind of weighted l\(_2\)-minimization. We show that the reweighted l\(_j\)-minimization (j≥1) is very effective to locate a sparse solution to a linear system. Next, we show how to introduce different merit functions for sparsity, and how proper weights may reduce the gap between the performances of these functions for finding a sparse solution to an undetermined linear system. Furthermore, we introduce some effective computational approaches to locate a sparse solution for an underdetermined linear system. These approaches are based on reweighted l\(_j\)-minimization (j≥1) algorithms. We focus on the reweighted l\(_1\)-minimization, and introduce several new concave approximations to the l\(_0\)-norm function. These approximations can be employed to define new weights for reweighted l\(_1\)-minimization algorithms. We show how the change of parameters in reweighted algorithms may affect the performance of the algorithms for finding the solution of the cardinality minimization problem. In our experiments, the problem data were generated according to different statistical distributions, and we test the algorithms on different sparsity level of the solution of the problem. As a special case of cardinality constrained problems, we also discuss compressed sensing, restricted isometry property (RIP), and restricted isometry constant (RIC).

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Mathematics
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics


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