Implicit and explicit attitudes of young people with type 1 diabetes towards high-fat and high-sugar foods

Sandiford, Michelle Ann (2008). Implicit and explicit attitudes of young people with type 1 diabetes towards high-fat and high-sugar foods. University of Birmingham. Clin.Psy.D.

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Abstract

This study examined whether there were differences between the implicit and explicit attitudes of young people with diabetes (n=22) and without diabetes (n=30) towards the fat and sugar content of foods. It also explored whether these attitudes were associated with the healthy eating behaviours of young people with diabetes. The traditional Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee & Schwartz, 1998) and the Avoid-Approach IAT (de Houwer, Custers & deClercq, 2006) were respectively used to explore relative implicit liking and wanting for high-fat foods/high-sugar foods over their low-fat alternatives. Results suggest that priming effects based on novel aspects of foods lead to differences in implicit wanting for high-fat foods between groups. Results from the explicit measures suggest that individuals with diabetes are more easily primed by the palatability of foods compared to controls. Implicit preferences for high-fat foods were incongruently related to healthy eating. The limitations of this study and its potential impact on clinical practice are discussed.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Law, Gary U.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nouwen, ArieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence:
College/Faculty: Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Psychology
School or Department: School of Psychology
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/4596

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