The application of thermal, catalytic and non-thermal plasma oxidation processes to enhance NO-NO\(_2\)oxidation in the engine exhaust and improve DPF regeneration at lower temperatures

Chong, Jun Jie (2013). The application of thermal, catalytic and non-thermal plasma oxidation processes to enhance NO-NO\(_2\)oxidation in the engine exhaust and improve DPF regeneration at lower temperatures. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Abstract

Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) is believed to be one of the most effective methods and provides an efficient system that traps more than 90% of PM. However, the soot accumulated within the filter requires a regeneration process to recover its performance. Thus, the high oxidation ability of NO-NO\(_2\) increases the interest of applying it in the low temperature regeneration process.

The intention of this thesis is to investigate several possibilities of on-board NO-NO\(_2\) oxidation methods for increasing the NO\(_2\)/NO\(_X\) ratio in the exhaust gas.

These possible oxidation routes incorporate the in-cylinder to the exhaust gas treatment processes. A wide range of operated temperatures are managed by the application of the non-thermal plasma oxidation (NTP) for low temperatures, catalytic oxidation for moderated temperatures and thermal oxidation for high temperatures studied.

The in-cylinder NO oxidation was significantly improved by adding H\(_2\) or the reformed EGR (REGR) to the combustion. The remaining H\(_2\) after the combustion also contributes to the downstream HC-SCR which in turn promotes the NO oxidation.

The thermal and NTP methods in the exhaust treatment cannot adequately achieve a satisfactory NO oxidation result under a single occupied condition. The propane (C\(_3\)H\(_8\)) addition may potentially create useful radicals (HO\(_2\), RO\(_2\)) within the system and convert a large portion of NO into NO\(_2\).

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Tsolakis, AthanasiosUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence:
School/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department: School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
URI: http://147.188.217.239/id/eprint/3941

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