Investigation of integrated control of articulated heavy vehicle using scaled multi-body dynamic model

Hafez, Mohamed Magdy Ibrahim (2021). Investigation of integrated control of articulated heavy vehicle using scaled multi-body dynamic model. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Heavy vehicle handling control systems have proven to be an efficient way of reducing road accidents and improving road traffic safety. Testing these control systems on heavy vehicles can be expensive and unsafe. Meanwhile, the scaled model has proven a secure and inexpensive way of designing and deploying vehicle dynamics control. However, the scaled model's mathematical modelling has been mainly limited to the bicycle model, reducing the scope of exploring the handling dynamics. This study presents an innovative way of modelling a scaled tractor semi-trailer using multi-body dynamics software and testing control systems through co-simulation to help develop new control systems safely and inexpensively for improving road traffic safety. In this research, modelling the scaled model of an articulated vehicle was simulated on MSC ADAMS/View, which extends the mathematical model to 168 degrees of freedom. A 1/14 physical model was used to validate the simulation model and co-simulation has been established between MSC ADAMS/View and MATLAB to investigate the control of a scaled model built on MSC ADAMS/View with a developed control system built on MATLAB/Simulink.

The scaled model is a 1/14 Scania R620 articulated lorry manufactured by TAMIYA. Different parameters of the scaled model have been measured and used as inputs to the simulation model. MSC ADAMS/View was used to model the vehicle and to capture its response. The results were validated through physical tests, so a microcontroller was added to the physical model with different accelerometers to control and record the vehicle's motion instead of the existing radio control. Co-simulation has been implemented using two different control schemes, which have been built and compared against each other. The first control scheme is the electronic stability control system only. The second one is an integrated control system which combines the active front steering with the electronic stability control scheme. The main target of the developed control systems is to stabilise the vehicle through manoeuvres using the Fuzzy logic methodology.

The study's main findings are that the experimental results show reasonable similarity to the simulation results, although there are minor differences. The physical validation of the simulation model indicates that it is possible to model a scaled model using multi-body dynamics software with specific considerations. Also, the results give a good understanding of the performance of heavy vehicles. Finally, using the co-simulation implemented using two different control schemes proves that the control can be developed using the scaled model. The proposed control method has been shown to be useful in developing the stability of the vehicle. It enhances the yaw rate for both tractor-trailer by around 25% and the lateral acceleration by around 20% at manoeuvres. Also, the control can be tuned easily using MATLAB. Meanwhile, the electronic stability control scheme gives better performance than the combined active front steering and electronic stability control scheme.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Egyptian government
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics


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