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Thin film Palladium-Ytrium membranes for hydrogen separation

Fletcher, Sean (2010)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The permeability of hydrogen in thin film Pd-Y composite membranes has been investigated for the first time. Thin (5 µm) Pd-Y films were deposited onto macroporous 316L stainless steel substrates by magnetron sputtering. Prior to deposition, a novel laser melting technique was employed in an attempt to reduce the surface roughness and pore size, thus facilitating the deposition of defect-free films. The active hydrogen transport mechanisms of each layer have been determined and the observed hydrogen permeability was analysed using a series resistance type model. The porous substrate was found to contribute significantly to the total transport resistance, and was the predominant source of the non diffusion limited permeation. After correcting for the substrate effects, the permeability of thin film Pd-Y closely matched that in bulk Pd-Y alloys.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Speight, John and Book, David
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Metallurgy and Materials
Subjects:TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:924
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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