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Experimental investigation of the aerodynamics of a class 43 high speed train

Gallagher, Martin (2017)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate the aerodynamic phenomena of passenger trains by undertaking a series of experimental investigations into the aerodynamics of a Class 43 high speed train (HST). A contextual research background is presented with regards to two significant aerodynamic phenomena - slipstreams and crosswinds. Model-scale experiments were undetaken on a l/25th scale HST model at the TRAIN rig moving model rig facility in order to measure slipstreams at a range of trackside positions and with different ballast heights. Crosswind effects were investigated through two model-scale tests and an extensive campaign of innovative train-based surface pressure measurements onboard an operational HST. A wind tunnel test investigated the flow field and pressure distribution around an HST power car and calculation of aerodynamic loads. A symmetrical pair of pressure taps at the train nose enabled yaw angle to be calculated at full scale. A scale-model test using a crosswind generator was undertaken and the magnitudes of aerodynamic loads compared very favorably with the wind tunnel data. The novel full scale it has been possible it isolate open-air data and gusts, and estimate the overturning forces due to crosswinds by a considered approach to surface pressure measurements.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Baker, Christopher and Quinn, Andrew
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Engineering
Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
TF Railroad engineering and operation
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:7269
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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