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A numerical investigation of the effect of crosswinds on the slipstream of a model-scale freight train and associated effects

Flynn, Dominic (2015)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

A numerical investigation is presented in which the effect of crosswinds on the slipstream of a fully-loaded model-scale freight train is studied. The work used delayed detached-eddy simulation in order to produce accurate time-averaged data and also allowed for the instantaneous flow to be analysed.

Significant slipstream amplification is shown for both pressure and velocity transients on the leeward side of the train. The most significant slipstream amplification is observed at the 30° yaw angle case where high velocities remain almost constant at the furthest measurement position from train side.

Instantaneous slipstream velocities on the leeward side of the train were inputted into a mathematical model which was used to predict the effect of wind gusts on a representative sample of the population. It was found that at 4 m from train side the person instability due to slipstream amplification for the 30° case is nearly double that from the 10° case.

The results presented highlight the potential risk associated with slipstream amplification around freight trains, although due to the immaturity of the field, no amendments are made to the codes of practice.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Hemida, Hassan and Baker, Christopher
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Civil Engineering
Additional Information:

Publication resulting from research:

Flynn, Dominic, et al. "Detached-eddy simulation of the slipstream of an operational freight train." Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 132 (2014): 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2014.06.016

Subjects:TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
TF Railroad engineering and operation
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:6327
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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