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Exhaust gas fuel reforming for improved gasoline direct injection engine efficiency and emissions

Fennell, Daniel Alexander (2014)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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The thesis investigates how exhaust gas fuel reforming, also known as reformed exhaust gas recirculation (REGR), may benefit direct injection gasoline (GDI) engine efficiency and emissions. REGR is a thermochemical process that has potential for efficiently producing hydrogen-rich gas onboard a vehicle by using waste exhaust energy to promote endothermic reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. Partially fuelling a gasoline engine with hydrogen generally improves engine thermal efficiency.

The experimental research begins by simulating REGR on single- and multi-cylinder GDI engines, which indicates that REGR can increase engine thermal efficiency by up to 9% and reduce NOx by up to 96%. Particulate matter (PM) measurements reveal that REGR significantly reduces PM number and mass emissions, beyond that achieved by EGR.

Further experiments with a full-scale prototype exhaust gas fuel reformer integrated with the multi-cylinder GDI engine demonstrate improved fuel efficiency at a wide range of engine conditions, by 8% for conditions typical of motorway driving. The reforming process is observed to be overall endothermic when the exhaust temperature is above 650°C, and the reformed fuel enthalpy is increased by up to 21% in these experiments.

The results demonstrate that REGR can simultaneously increase engine thermal efficiency, and reduce gaseous and PM emissions.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Tsolakis, Athanasios and Dearn, Karl
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Mechanical Engineering
Subjects:TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5439
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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