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To work or not to work? – older workers and the circumstances, barriers and meanings of employment in Taiwan

Huang, Pei-Ling (2014)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The ageing labour force has become an unavoidable issue in the Taiwanese labour market. However, labour participation rates for older Taiwanese, as well as public intervention, still remain at a fairly low level. Moreover, little attention has been paid to understanding why older Taiwanese are consistently less likely to retain work.

By using mixed-methods, this thesis seeks to explore the reasons why there are low labour participation rates among older Taiwanese. Two distinct groups are identified here: Group 1: ‘low employment rates and low incomes’, and Group 2: ‘high employment rates and high unemployment rates’. Moreover, it is recognised that employment barriers in relation to human capital/working ability/employability are likely significant factors. Also, it finds that there exists a strong ‘not-to-work’ social attitude among the older Taiwanese.

Thus, it is suggested that the Taiwanese government’s responsibility to address relevant human capital issues and ‘not-to-work’ social attitudes should been taken into policy consideration. In addition, by taking lessons from the Active Labour Market Policy (ALMPs) in advanced countries, the current Taiwanese public employment services need to be reformed in many aspects. However, policy must consider how to reflect on local contexts as well as the diverse public attitudes.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):McKay, Stephen and Doling, John
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Department:School of Social Policy
Subjects:H Social Sciences (General)
HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:5070
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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