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Microstructural characterisation of pearlitic and complex phase steels using image analysis methods

Liu, Xi (2014)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The measurement of properties is very important for both material design and quality control. As materials’ properties are determined by the microstructure of the materials such as grain size or the volume fraction of the present phases, microstructural characterisation is a powerful tool for property prediction.

Unfortunately, microstructural characterisation has not been widely applied with all steels such as pearlitic steels or complex multi-phase steels due to their complex microstructures. These microstructures may contain features that cannot be resolved by optical microscopy, and in which important information is contained in their texture rather than simply their grey level. These microstructures were investigated in this study using image texture analysis.

Fourier transform-based analysis was applied to pearlitic microstructures to extract the image orientation information. The orientation information as well as the grey value of low pass filtered image was used as predicates in a split-merge algorithm to segment the pearlitic colonies.

A supervised classification method based on various statistical measures including a number of 2-point statistics (Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix measures) was developed to distinguish the bainite (upper bainite and lower bainite), martensite and ferrite phases in steels. The influence of etching on the analysis results was also investigated.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Ward, Robin and Strangwood, Martin
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Department of Metallurgy and Materials Science
Subjects:TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4842
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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