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A rule-based approach for recognition of chemical structure diagrams

Sadawi, Noureddin (2013)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

In chemical literature much information is given in the form of diagrams depicting chemical structures. In order to access this information electronically, diagrams have to be recognized and translated into a processable format. Although a number of approaches have been proposed for the recognition of molecule diagrams in the literature, they traditionally employ procedural methods with limited flexibility and extensibility. This thesis presents a novel approach that models the principal recognition steps for molecule diagrams in a strictly rule based system. We develop a framework that enables the definition of a set of rules for the recognition of different bond types and arrangements as well as for resolving possible ambiguities. This allows us to view the diagram recognition problem as a process of rewriting an initial set of geometric artefacts into a graph representation of a chemical diagram without the need to adhere to a rigid procedure. We demonstrate the flexibility of the approach by extending it to capture new bond types and compositions. In experimental evaluation we can show that an implementation of our approach outperforms the currently available leading open source system. Finally, we discuss how our framework could be applied to other automatic diagram recognition tasks.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Sorge, Volker
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Computer Science
Subjects:QA76 Computer software
QD Chemistry
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:4325
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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