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Theoretical and experimental investigation of silica gel / water adsorption refrigeration systems

Rezk, Ahmed Rezk Masoud (2012)
Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

This PhD project was set out to improve the performance of silica gel / water adsorption cooling systems using a number of investigation tools. A novel global lumped analytical simulation model has been constructed for a commercialised two-bed silica gel / water 450kW adsorption chiller. It was integrated with a genetic algorithm (GA) optimisation toolbox to determine the optimum operating conditions to obtain the optimum chiller performance. The model was used to investigate the effect of physical and operating on the chiller performance. The model was also used to investigate the effect of various adsorbent bed enhancement techniques that are presented in published literature. An experimental test facility has been designed, constructed and commissioned to study the performance of scaled down adsorbent bed modules. It has been constructed to understand the effect of the operating conditions on adsorbent-bed heat and mass transfer performance. A dynamic vapour sorption (DVS) gravimetric analyser has been used to characterise a new species of adsorbents (MOFs). These adsorbents have strong potential towards water sorption and could replace the currently applied silica gel. MOFs adsorbents have been characterised in terms of adsorption isotherms and kinetics, in addition to its cyclic analysis. It was found that HKUST-1 (copper based MOF) outperforms silica gel with 95.7% increase in the water uptake. Iron based MOF (MIL-100) was found to outperform silica gel for high evaporating temperature application.

Type of Work:Ph.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Al-Dadah, Raya
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:School of Mechanical Engineering
Subjects:GE Environmental Sciences
TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
TS Manufactures
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3623
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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