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Formulation and development of ceramic mould materials for investment casting

Tarrant, Luke (2012)
Eng.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.

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Abstract

The relationship between the formulation of ceramic mould materials for investment casting and their mechanical properties was investigated. A number of different ceramic materials were employed throughout the investigation including alumina, zirconia, mullite and colloidal silica. Ceramic shell specimens were investigated by measuring mechanical strength using flexural and compressive testing with the former being conducted at both room and elevated temperatures. Samples were further investigated by thermal expansion measurement and Archimedes porosity measurement.
It was determined that the incorporation of unstabilised zirconia as both a stucco and filler material was effective in terms of reducing the fired strength of investment casting ceramics. Structural observations of samples under SEM revealed that the weakened samples featured significant cracking in the fired condition due to the occurrence of the zirconia phase transition. Thermal expansion measurements confirmed both the presence of the phase transition and the extent of the disruption caused.
It was observed for slurries containing silica and alumina, that variation of the proportions of either had a significant effect on the properties of the final shell material. It was also shown that the size of the ceramic particles within the slurry had a significant effect on the final properties of the ceramic body.

Type of Work:Eng.D. thesis.
Supervisor(s):Blackburn, Stuart and Greenwood, Richard
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Department:Department of Chemical Engineering
Subjects:TP Chemical technology
Institution:University of Birmingham
ID Code:3399
This unpublished thesis/dissertation is copyright of the author and/or third parties. The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or as modified by any successor legislation. Any use made of information contained in this thesis/dissertation must be in accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission of the copyright holder.
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