Savage, Justin (2011)
Clin.Psy.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.
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The literature review explores the relationship between parenting and the development of narcissism with a specific focus on the role of overindulgence. 13 empirical studies were identified for the review, 2 of which were unpublished. A quality assessment was completed for each study. The papers are examined for the strength of their findings and the constructs they purport to measure are considered in relation to each other and overindulgence. A distinction is drawn between ‘healthy’ and ‘unhealthy’ narcissism. Overall, both types of narcissism were found to be associated with low levels of parental monitoring and higher levels of overvaluation. Healthy narcissism was also associated with higher levels of warmth and empathy whereas unhealthy narcissism was associated with parental coldness, less empathy and harsher treatment. However, all individual effects were rather weak. Overindulgence remains rather unexamined in a reliable way in relation to narcissism, despite claims to the contrary. Clinical and research implications are discussed.
The empirical paper comprises a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study investigating associations between parental illness perceptions of their child’s ADHD, with coping styles, wellbeing and stress levels of those parents. Forty parents of children with ADHD participated. Higher parental stress levels and reduced wellbeing were associated with greater perceived consequences for parent and child, higher emotional responses for parent and child, a longer expected duration for ADHD and more perceived symptoms of ADHD. Coping was also related to several illness perception domains and levels of general wellbeing and stress. Problem-focused coping was associated with positive effects and dysfunctional coping was associated with negative effects upon wellbeing and stress. The combination of several domains of perceptions with coping strategies explained moderate to large amounts of variance in stress and wellbeing.
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