The effect of gender on the relationship between alcohol use and psychotic-like experiences in young people between 18-25 years of age

Grisley, Liam (2019). The effect of gender on the relationship between alcohol use and psychotic-like experiences in young people between 18-25 years of age. University of Birmingham. Clin.Psy.D.

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Abstract

Objective: Research has shown a link between substance use and mental health; young adulthood is a time when prevalence rates of substance use is increased. The aim of the review was to assess the relationship between substance use and mental health in young adults with a specific focus on patterns of substance use (frequency, duration, and age of first use).

Methods: A systematic search was conducted on four electronic databases (PsychInfo, Embase, Medline, and Web of Science) which yielded 1990 studies. Following the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 17 studies were included for review.

Results: Methodological quality was assessed using the Kmet framework, and on average the 17 studies had a ‘good’ rating. There appears to be an association between patterns of substance use, notably the frequency and the duration of substance use, and mental health in young adults. Also, this review suggests a link between younger age of first use and more negative mental health outcomes. There were no significant findings regarding gender differences for prevalence of substance use, differences in patterns of substance use or mental health outcomes. The review further supports the link between substance use and mental health.

Conclusions: There appears to be an association between patterns of substance use, notably the frequency and the duration of substance use, and mental health in young adults. It is therefore of importance to develop more targeted treatment plans and strategies/servicelevel responses for adolescents, and young adults, regarding substance use. Further longitudinal studies would be advantageous to try

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Clin.Psy.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Graham, HermineUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Woodcock, KateUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence: All rights reserved All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/9810

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  • The effect of gender on the relationship between alcohol use and psychotic-like experiences in young people between 18-25 years of age. (deposited 22 Sep 2021 15:22) [Currently Displayed]

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