The impact of the presence of an anterior open bite on the oral health-related quality of life in adults

Patel, Anish Bakulesh (2019). The impact of the presence of an anterior open bite on the oral health-related quality of life in adults. University of Birmingham. M.Sc.

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Aims: A prospective cross-sectional survey to evaluate the psychosocial impact of the presence of an anterior open bite in adults. To evaluate whether other factors such as gender, age, ethnicity and depth of open bite have an influence on the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL).

Method: A total of 71 participants (39 female and 32 male) with an anterior open bite aged from 18-25 years were recruited from Birmingham Dental Hospital and the University Hospitals North Midlands, United Kingdom. The control group consisted of 68 participants (35 female and 33 male) and aged 23-25.5 years. All participants completed an Oral Health Impact Profile – 49 (OHIP-49) Questionnaire which was used as the OHRQoL measurement tool.

Results: Those with an anterior open bite had a consistently higher impact profile score in all seven domains of the OHIP-49 compared to the control group showing a negative impact on the OHRQoL. These differences were statistically significant (p<0.001) for both overall Impact Profile score and each of the seven domains. Gender did influence the OHIP-49 scores with females scoring consistently higher than males, which was found to be statistically significant in all of the domains of the OHIP-49 apart from physical disability. The impact on the OHRQoL was found to be independent of ethnicity, depth of anterior open bite and age.

Conclusions: The presence of an anterior open bite can negatively effect the psychosocial well being of adults when compared to a control group. This study furthers our understanding of adult patients with an anterior open bite and supports the need for treatment and further resources for this group.

Type of Work: Thesis (Masters by Research > M.Sc.)
Award Type: Masters by Research > M.Sc.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: School of Dentistry
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry


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