Optimal control of wind energy conversion systems with doubly-fed induction generators

Sompracha, Cherngchai (2019). Optimal control of wind energy conversion systems with doubly-fed induction generators. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Wind energy conversion systems (WECSs) have become the interesting topic over recent years for the renewable electrical power source. They are a more environmentally friendly and sustainable resource in comparison with the fossil energy resource. The WECS using a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) to convert mechanical power into electrical power has a significant advantage. This WECS requires a smaller power converter in comparison with a squirrel cage induction generator.

Efficiency of the DFIG-WECS can be improved by a suitable control system to maximise the output power from WECS. A maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller such as tip-speed ratio (TSR)control and power signal feedback (PSF) control is use to maximise mechanical power from wind turbine and a model-based loss minimisation control (MBLC) is used to minimise electrical losses of the generator. However, MPPT and MBLC require the parameters of the wind turbine and the generator for generating the control laws like optimal generator speed reference and d-axis rotor current reference. The Efficiencies of the MPPT and MBLC algorithms deteriorate when wind turbine and generator parameters change from prior knowledge.

The field oriented control for a DFIG in the WECS is extended by introducing a novel control layer generating online optimal generator speed reference and d-axis rotor current reference in order to maximise power produced from the WECS under wind turbine and DFIG parameter uncertainties, which is proposed.

The single input rule modules (SIRMs) connected fuzzy inference model is applied to the control algorithm for optimal power control for variable-speed fixed-pitch wind turbine in the whole wind speed range by generating an online optimal speed reference to achieve optimal power under wind turbine parameter uncertainties.

The proposed control combines a hybrid maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller, a constant rotational speed controller for below-rated wind speed and a limited-power active stall regulation by rotational speed control for above-rated wind speed. The three methods are appropriately organised via the fuzzy controller based SIRMs connected fuzzy inference model to smooth transition control among the three methods.

The online parameter estimation by using Kalman filter is applied to enhance model-based loss minimisation control (MBLC). The d-axis rotor current reference of the proposed MBLC can adapt to the accurate determination of the condition of minimum electrical losses of the DFIG when the parameters of the DFIG are uncertain.

The proposed control algorithm has been verified by numerical simulations in Matlab/Simulink and it has been demonstrated that the energy generated for typical wind speed profiles is greater than that of a traditional control algorithm based on PSF MPPT and MBLC.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Licence: All rights reserved
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Royal Thai Government
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/9390


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