Three essays on the economics of crime and gender

Garcia Ramos, Aixa Maria (2018). Three essays on the economics of crime and gender. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This thesis focuses on intimate partner violence (IPV) and homicides in Mexico. The first chapter examines the
effect of a woman’s relative income on IPV. My results show a U-shaped relationship between a woman’s relative income and the prevalence of physical, emotional and economic IPV. In contrast, sexual IPV linearly increases with a woman’s relative income. In the second chapter, I investigate the impact of easier access to divorce—as a consequence of the introduction of unilateral and no-fault divorce—on IPV and a woman’s contribution to decision-making. The results show that emotional and economic IPV decrease, while physicaland sexual IPV increase when they are not associated with the two other types of violence. Moreover, a woman’s contribution to decision-making improves as divorce becomes easier. In the third chapter I examine the role of the electoral cycle in explaining turf wars between Drug Trafficking Organisations (DTOs). Using homicides between DTOs as a proxy for turf wars, my findings show an increase in homicides during the lame duck period.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
School or Department: Birmingham Business School, Department of Economics
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council, Other
Other Funders: The University of Birmingham
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare


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