Atmospheric corrosion of AA2024 in ocean water environments

Glanvill, Sarah Jane Marie (2018). Atmospheric corrosion of AA2024 in ocean water environments. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Observations of atmospheric corrosion on aluminium alloy AA2024-T3 were made within droplets of NaCl solution and simulated ASTM ocean water. High speed in-situ synchrotron X-ray tomography has been used to observe the initiation and propagation of corrosion sites. Tomographic scans had a temporal resolution of 300s per full tomographic scan, providing a non-destructive visualisation of corrosion. Sites initiate at numerous surface morphologies, including at intermetallic inclusions, under surface deposits and salt crystals, and also at sites with no obvious micron-scale microstructural features. It was observed that corrosion sites grow discontinuously and inhomogeneously when conditions are constant, consistent with bursts of dissolution followed by some repassivation. The nature of corrosion products was investigated with Raman spectroscopy and EDX. The dominant corrosion product was Dawsonite for both droplet solutions, however the distribution of corrosion products differed between the two types of droplet. NaCl droplets spread more, resulting in fewer, larger corrosion sites. ASTM ocean water droplets showed multiple small corrosion sites within the droplet owing to the presence of Hydrotalcite around the droplet perimeter. Corrosion development under wet-dry cycling conditions was different for NaCl and ASTM ocean water droplets. Under NaCl droplets, no growth or initiation was observed during “dry” phases. However, ASTM ocean water remains partially wet in “dry” periods as some of the salt constituents in ASTM ocean water remain hydrated. As a consequence, corrosion site growth is able to continue.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Metallurgy and Materials
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Diamond Light Source
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering


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