Control system design using fuzzy gain scheduling of PD with Kalman filter for railway automatic train operation

Utomo, Reza Dwi (2018). Control system design using fuzzy gain scheduling of PD with Kalman filter for railway automatic train operation. University of Birmingham. M.Res.

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The development of train control systems has progressed towards following the rapid growth of railway transport demands. To further increase the capacity of railway systems, Automatic Train Operation (ATO) systems have been widely adopted in metros and gradually applied to mainline railways to replace drivers in controlling the movement of trains with optimised running trajectories for punctuality and energy saving. Many controller design methods have been studied and applied in ATO systems. However, most researchers paid less attention to measurement noise in the development of ATO control system, whereas such noise indeed exists in every single instrumentation device and disturbs the process output of ATO. Thus, this thesis attempts to address such issues.

In order to overcome measurement error, the author develops Fuzzy gain scheduling of PD (proportional and derivative) control assisted by a Kalman filter that is able to maintain the train speed within the specified trajectory and stability criteria in normal and noisy conditions due to measurement noise. Docklands Light Railway (DLR) in London is selected as a case study to implement the proposed idea. The MRes project work is summarised as follows: (1) analysing literature review, (2) modelling the train dynamics mathematically, (3) designing PD controller and Fuzzy gain scheduling, (4) adding a Gaussian white noise as measurement error, (5) implementing a Kalman filter to improve the controllers, (6) examining the entire system in an artificial trajectory and a real case study, i.e. the DLR, and (7) evaluating all based on strict objectives, i.e. a ±3% allowable error limit, a punctuality limit of no later and no earlier than 30 seconds, Integrated Absolute Error (IAE) and Integrated Squared Error (ISE) performances.

The results show that Fuzzy gain scheduling of PD control can cope well with the examinations in normal situations. However, such discovery is not found in noisy conditions. Nevertheless, after the introduction to Kalman filter, all control objectives are then satisfied in not only normal but also noisy conditions. The case study implemented using DLR data including on the route from Stratford International to Woolwich Arsenal indicates a satisfactory performance of the designed controller for ATO systems.

Type of Work: Thesis (Masters by Research > M.Res.)
Award Type: Masters by Research > M.Res.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education
Subjects: T Technology > TF Railroad engineering and operation


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