Sleep in children with neurodevelopmental disorders

Trickett, Jayne K (2018). Sleep in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Profiles of sleep disturbance and sleep quality of children with the specific neurodevelopmental disorders of Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS), Angelman syndrome (AS), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and the relationships between behavioural and health characteristics, age and sleep were described in these groups.
Interview data demonstrated that children with AS's sleep disturbance had a negative impact on both parents and children. A homogeneous sleep disturbance profile of severe night waking and early morning waking affected over 70% of children with SMS but more heterogeneous profiles were found for children with AS, TSC and ASD using cross-group questionnaire data comparisons and when compared to typically developing (TD) children. A heightened risk of sleep-related breathing disorders was identified for children with AS and SMS. Compared to TD children, children with SMS had significantly earlier morning wake times and children with AS and SMS had significantly earlier bedtimes according to actigraphy and sleep diary data. Increased daytime sleepiness in children with SMS was associated with increased overactivity and impulsivity.
This thesis includes the largest samples of actigraphy data for children with SMS and AS to date. The importance of aetiology of intellectual disability in the profiling of sleep disturbance was evidenced. Areas for further assessment and intervention include sleep-related breathing disorders for children with AS and SMS and individualized assessment of circadian rhythm disorders for both groups.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Cerebra
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services


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