Soliton structures in Bose-Einstein condensates

Proud, Harry (2018). Soliton structures in Bose-Einstein condensates. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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The generation of dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates has been an area of interest since the first experimental condensates were produced. The ubiquity of solitons in the natural world makes them an important phenomenon to understand. Despite excellent theoretical work in two dimensional dark solitons, few experiments have had the opportunity to investigate this regime. The work presented investigates the generation of dark solitons in a Rb-87 Bose-Einstein condensate. The evolution and decay of these topological excitations are investigated. The decay of the dark solitons is found to vary with the phase-step used to generate them. Dark solitons created with a phase-step width of 0.60 ±0.15 μm are found to decay into vortices after 10 ms. Dark solitons generated with larger phase-steps are found not to exhibit this vortex decay, instead dissipating over 10-15 ms back into the condensate. The first experimental generation of two dimensional Jones-Roberts solitons is reported in this work. These dark solitons differ from the standard planar dark soliton in that they are finite in extent and are
found to be more dynamically stable. The Jones-Roberts solitons are observed for 40 ms with no observed change in energy.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics


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