# Development of plasmids that can displace antibiotic resistance plasmids from bacteria in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract

Lazdins, Alessandro (2018). Development of plasmids that can displace antibiotic resistance plasmids from bacteria in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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## Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest scientific and medical challenges of the 21st century. However, our arsenal to combat this surge is limited to a small number of antimicrobial drugs. Plasmids are major contributors to the problem, yet specifically targeting them to reduce the burden of resistant infections has not been fully exploited. It is possible to repress plasmid’s replication and eliminate them from a population by harnessing their innate replication and maintenance functions. This concept has been applied in this study to construct conjugative broad-host range plasmids aimed at curing either IncF or IncK plasmids based on IncPα RK2 and pUB307 backbones. pUB307- based pCURE gave a stronger curing phenotype as tested by a novel simple curing experiment and long-term invasion assays. The curing potentiation was investigated and found to be due to the absence of iteron 10 in $$oriV$$ and a resulting higher copy number. The clinical potential of the technology was demonstrated by successfully curing a novel resistance plasmid, pEK499 and by $$in$$ $$vivo$$ mice experiments where pCURE conjugated into and cured target plasmids from $$E. coli$$ established within the gastrointestinal tract. With further work to ensure long-term curing and biosafety, pCURE could improve the treatment options for multi-drug resistant infections.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Thomas, Chris M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Biosciences
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/7990

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