Cluster production in the matrix assembly cluster source

Terry, William David (2017). Cluster production in the matrix assembly cluster source. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

PDF - Accepted Version

Download (33MB)


This thesis focuses on the development of the Matrix Assembly Cluster Source (MACS). Firstly, a transmission mode MACS instrument has been upgraded and integrated with a Time-Of-Flight mass filter. An equivalent cluster beam current of 100 nA of silver nanoclusters has been achieved (previously several nA). Furthermore, an intrinsic size control has been demonstrated in the 1-5 nm range by varying the silver concentration in the matrix. The MACS has been demonstrated in a reflection regime, reaching a ~1% conversion of incident ions to clusters (~0.03% in transmission). The effect of the beam-plate geometry has been investigated and a new reflection mode system commissioned, producing a maximum equivalent silver cluster current of 170±16 nA. An average equivalent current of 40 nA has been deposited for 45 minutes. Nanocluster arrays have been demonstrated to preferentially immobilize dye molecules, the primary step towards label-free cluster-based biochips. Finally, visible range ion-induced light emission from the matrix was studied. Optical measurements demonstrate significant change in the ion-induced light emission spectra with the addition of O2, N2, or Ag to the matrix. By careful analysis of the emission spectra, the thickness, composition, and in certain cases, molecular composition of the matrix can be accessed.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: Leverhulme Trust
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics


Request a Correction Request a Correction
View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year