# Silver, magnesium and zinc substituted hydroxyapatite for orthopaedic applications

Askari Louyeh, Maryam (2017). Silver, magnesium and zinc substituted hydroxyapatite for orthopaedic applications. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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## Abstract

Synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA) has been widely used for biomedical applications, in particular as a bone substitute and coating for implants, due to its similarity to the inorganic component of human bone. The aim of this study was to incorporate three divalent cations (silver, zinc and magnesium) into the hydroxyapatite structure via a wet chemical precipitation method to enhance its antibacterial properties, to avoid the need for the use of antibiotics. Material characterisation techniques such as XRD and Raman Spectroscopy confirmed that these ions were substituted within the crystal structure of HA, though did not follow the expected reaction stoichiometry and substitution ratios. HA material properties, such as crystal size, crystallinity and solubility were shown to change after ion substitution. Metal-substituted HA showed varying strengths of antibacterial properties against two bacterial strains of $$E$$.$$coli$$ and $$S$$.$$epidermidis$$, which was attributed to different type of ions and substitution ratios and also different release profiles from the solid phase to the culture medium. The results from cell biological studies confirmed that the rate of osteoblast cell proliferation and cell differentiation were improved after cells being incubated with disks of substituted HA.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Supervisor(s):
Supervisor(s)EmailORCID
Sabokbar, AfsieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Grover, LiamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Licence:
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Metallurgy and Materials
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/7570

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