User-oriented markerless augmented reality framework based on 3D reconstruction and loop closure detection

Gao, Yuqing (2017). User-oriented markerless augmented reality framework based on 3D reconstruction and loop closure detection. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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An augmented reality (AR) system needs to track the user-view to perform an accurate augmentation registration. The present research proposes a conceptual marker-less, natural feature-based AR framework system, the process for which is divided into two stages - an offline database training session for the application developers, and an online AR tracking and display session for the final users. In the offline session, two types of 3D reconstruction application, RGBD-SLAM and SfM are integrated into the development framework for building the reference template of a target environment. The performance and applicable conditions of these two methods are presented in the present thesis, and the application developers can choose which method to apply for their developmental demands. A general developmental user interface is provided to the developer for interaction, including a simple GUI tool for augmentation configuration. The present proposal also applies a Bag of Words strategy to enable a rapid "loop-closure detection" in the online session, for efficiently querying the application user-view from the trained database to locate the user pose. The rendering and display process of augmentation is currently implemented within an OpenGL window, which is one result of the research that is worthy of future detailed investigation and development.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Stone 1958-, Robert J. (Robert John)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering


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