Simulating transport through quantum networks in the presence of classical noise using cold atoms

Gill, Christopher (2017). Simulating transport through quantum networks in the presence of classical noise using cold atoms. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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In work towards the development and creation of practical quantum devices for use in quantum computing and simulation, the importance of long lived coherence is key to the advantages offered over classical systems. Isolation from environmental sources of decoherence is of integral importance to such platforms. Recent experiments of biological systems seem to indicate the existence of certain structures that utilise the decohering effects of their surrounding environments to enhance performance. In this thesis, we present a novel experimental set-up used to simulate the effect of decoherence-enhanced systems by mapping the energy level structure of laser cooled Rubidium 87 atoms interacting with electromagnetic fields to a quantum network of connected sites. Classical noise is controllably added to the states to create a tunable system to explore these effects. We present the design and implementation of the system, with results of several technical aspects, along with initial work on the effect of the applied noise on transport through the network. We present a key result that transport through the network is non-trivially enhanced by the presence of an optimum amplitude of noise, pointing to the interplay between the coherent nature of the quantum system and the decoherence provided by the noise.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics


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