Alloying effect on boride formation behaviour in cast TiAl alloys

Li, Jing (2017). Alloying effect on boride formation behaviour in cast TiAl alloys. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Boron addition has been used to refine the microstructures in TiAl castings, such as LPT blades, to improve ductility. However, boride precipitates with undesired morphologies could reduce ductility and even wipe out the entire benefit from grain refinement. Boride morphology in Ti45Al2Mn2Nb1B was found to be closely related to solidification conditions and proper processing windows have been established. In order to improve temperature capability of cast TiAl alloys to cater for the demand in new engines TiAl alloys have to be alloyed with more refractory elements, such as Nb and Ta, which will inevitably affect the boride morphologies. In this study variant alloys based on Ti45Al2Mn2Nb1B have been investigated with emphasis on the relationship between boride morphology, alloying element species and cooling conditions and distinctly different boride formation behaviour in different alloys was observed. In addition, curvy borides were found both on the fracture surface and within the microstructure in tensile test pieces, especially in Hf-containing test pieces, which indicate that curvy borides have the strongest effect in reducing ductility regardless of alloy composition.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Metallurgy and Materials
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy


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