Vortex lattice in conventional and unconventional superconductors

Lemberger, Louis (2016). Vortex lattice in conventional and unconventional superconductors. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

PDF - Accepted Version

Download (11MB)


This thesis presents the work done to characterise two superconducting materials.
We study BiPd, a non-centrosymmetric superconductor which is theoretically expected to show signs of spin singlet and triplet mixing due to the strong spin-orbit scattering of its composing elements. We map the field-temperature superconducting phase diagram along two crystal directions using Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), magnetisation and \(µ\)SR measurements and determine the microscopic parameters defining the superconducting state. We also uncover a rare behaviour displayed in low-\(k\) superconductors, the Intermediate Mixed State, which causes domains of vortex lattice with constant spacing to coexist with Meissner domains at low applied fields. Finally we show evidence that, unlike what was expected, the superconductivity in BiPd behaves conventionally.
The second material studied is Nb3Sn, widely used to produce large magnetic fields in various devices such as MRI machines. We investigate the superconducting state of several polycrystalline samples with different tin concentrations, as recent evidence point towards a lack of change of the upper critical field with varying Sn doping, in contradiction with older measurements that see a drop in H\({c2}\) associated with the apparition of a structural (martensitic) crystalline transition. Using SANS, we show that these recent results were likely not measuring the bulk state of Nb3Sn and that we find large variation of H\({c2}\) with Sn concentration. We also present indications that the vortex lattice is influenced by non-local effects at large fields by measuring the change in the vortex lattice structure with field. Lastly, our measurements are consistent with a full single gap behaviour in Nb3Sn.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/7032


Request a Correction Request a Correction
View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year