Reconstitution of CMV-specific T-cells following adoptive T-cell immunotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Raeiszadeh, Mohammad (2016). Reconstitution of CMV-specific T-cells following adoptive T-cell immunotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This thesis investigated reconstitution of CMV-specific T-cells in two cohorts of HSCT patients and studied the potential role of Tumour Necrosis Factor Receptor 2 (TNFR2) in regulation of CMV-specific T-cell expansion post HSCT.

The first cohort included patients of a randomized phase II trial of adoptive cellular therapy for CMV-specific CD8\(^+\) T-cells. Cellular therapy resulted in earlier and greater expansion of CMV-specific CD8\(^+\) T cells and also reconstitution of CMV-specific CD4\(^+\) and non-infused CMV-specific CD8\(^+\) T-cells. The number of infused therapeutic T-cells and circulating levels of Alemtuzumab were found to influence immunotherapy.

Additionally, reconstitution of CMV-specific CD4\(^+\) T-cells was studied using HLA-class II tetramers. CMV-specific CD4\(^+\) T-cell count of >0.7x10\(^3\)/ml was found to protect from recurrent CMV reactivation. One third of specific CD4\(^+\) T-cells were perforin and granzyme-B positive indicating cytotoxic potential, whilst the majority expressed T-bet. Expression of CD57 molecule on CD4\(^+\) T-cells was demonstrated as a potential biomarker of immune response to CMV.

Also, distinct cytokine receptor expression patterns in naïve versus memory T-cells were observed. The results showed rapid decrease in IL-6R and increase in expression of TNFR2 after T-cell differentiation from naïve to effector cells and engagement of TNFR2 led to the apoptosis of CMV-specific T-cells.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy
Funders: Bloodwise
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics


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