Automotive radar target detection using ambiguity function

Nazir, Mahvish (2016). Automotive radar target detection using ambiguity function. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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The risk of collision increases, as the number of cars on the road increases. Automotive radar is an important way to improve road traffic safety and provide driver assistance. Adaptive cruise control, parking aid, pre-crash warning etc. are some of the applications of automotive radar which are already in use in many luxury cars today.
In automotive radar a commonly used modulation waveform is the linear frequency modulated continuous waveform (FMCW); the return signal contains the range and velocity information about the target related through the beat frequency equation. Existing techniques retrieve target information by applying a threshold to the Fourier power spectrum of the returned signal, to eliminate weak responses. This method has a risk of missing a target in a multi-target situation if its response falls below the threshold. It is also common to use multiple wide angle radar sensors to cover a wider angle of observation. This results in detecting a large number of targets. The ranges and velocities of targets in automotive applications create ambiguity which is heightened by the large number of responses received from wide angle set of sensors.
This thesis reports a novel strategy to resolve the range-velocity ambiguity in the interpretation of FMCW radar returns that is suitable for use in automotive radar. The radar ambiguity function is used in a novel way with the beat frequency equation relating range and velocity to interpret radar responses. This strategy avoids applying a threshold to the amplitude of the Fourier spectrum of the radar return.
This novel radar interpretation strategy is assessed by a simulation which demonstrates that targets can be detected and their range and velocity estimated without ambiguity using the combined information from the radar returns and existing radar ambiguity function.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Electronic, Electrical and Systems Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics


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