T cell costimulatory pathways – the role of vitamin D3

Gardner, David Harry (2016). T cell costimulatory pathways – the role of vitamin D3. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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CD28-costimulatory signals interact with antigen-specific TCR signals to enhance T cell activation, proliferation and differentiation. The regulation of CD28-costimulation is controlled by CTLA-4 through its shared affinity for the CD28-ligands CD80 and CD86. CTLA-4-ig (abatacept) has emerged as an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. The aims of this study were to consider the factors that influence CD28-costimulation requirements during in vitro T cell stimulation in order to identify strategies that may predict or improve clinical responses to abatacept-treatment.

The efficacy of abatacept during in vitro T cell stimulation inversely correlated with parameters that increased the strength of TCR-stimulation. The simultaneous inhibition of TCR- and CD28-signals by Cyclosporine A and abatacept respectively promoted the inhibition of T cell activation above the level seen by either agent alone. The active form of vitamin D3, 1,25(OH)2D3, acted in a comparable manner to CsA to increase CD28-costimulation requirements by specifically inhibiting TCR-driven activation.

These findings suggest that clinical responses to abatacept treatment may be determined by the strength of TCR stimulus that underlies T cell activation. Furthermore, that vitamin D3 may represent a useful adjunct to enhance clinical responses to abatacept.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/6815


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