Hydrogen release and absorption in mixed anion lithium amide/lithium ternary nitride systems

Nguyen, Trang Thi Thu (2016). Hydrogen release and absorption in mixed anion lithium amide/lithium ternary nitride systems. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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In this work, reactions of either LiBH\(_4\), ZnCl\(_2\) or Zn\(_3\)N\(_2\) with LiNH\(_2\) have been studied.

The presence of CoO significantly affected the products and hydrogen release on heating mixtures of
χLiBH\(_4\)-γLiNH\(_2\). The ratios of the l4\(_1\)/amd and the P2\(_1\)/c polymorphs of Li\(_3\)BN\(_2\) in the products have been changed under different conditions studied. On addition of CoO, the temperature of hydrogen release from the χLiBH\(_4\)-γLiNH\(_2\) systems was greatly reduced, starting from 100°C and peaking around 250°C, much lower than 240°C and 330°C without catalyst. Ball-milling helped to improve the amounts of hydrogen desorbed from 3–4 wt% up to ≥10 wt%.

In the reactions of ZnCl\(_2\) + nLiNH\(_2\) (where \(\textit n\) = 2–6), main products were LiCl, Zn\(_3\)N\(_2\), and LiZnN. NH\(_3\) was the main gas released from these reactions and the addition of LiH changed NH\(_3\) into H\(_2\), which was released around 90°C, much lower than in the absence of LiH. A mixture of LiZnN and LiCl obtained from this reaction was partly rehydrogenated to form Li\(_2\)NH and Zn.

The reaction of Zn\(_3\)N\(_2\) and LiNH\(_2\) was found to produce pure LiZnN without LiCl. Neither pure LiZnN nor Zn\(_3\)N\(_2\) could be hydrogenated under the conditions tried, but a mixture resulting from the reaction could react with H\(_2\) to form LiNH\(_2\) and Zn. The cyclability of the Li–Zn–N system showed an ability to release and take up gases under different pressure conditions. Mg-doping in LiZnN was examined to improve reversibility of the Li–Zn–N system but was not successful.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
Anderson 1965-, P.A. (Paul Alexander)UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Chemistry
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
URI: http://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/6671


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