Multigrid methods in convex optimization with application to structural design

Mohammed, Sudaba Aref (2016). Multigrid methods in convex optimization with application to structural design. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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This dissertation has investigated the use of multigrid methods in certain classes of optimization problems, with emphasis on structural, namely topology optimization. We have investigated the solution bound constrained optimization problems arising in discretization by the finite element method, such as elliptic variational inequalities. For these problems we have proposed a "direct" multi grid approach which is a generalization of existing multigrid methods for variational inequalities. We have proposed a nonlinear first order method as a smoother that reduces memory requirements and improves the efficiency of the resulting algorithm compared to the second order method (Newton's methods), as documented on several numerical examples.
The project further investigates the use of multigrid techniques in topology optimization. Topology optimization is a very practical and efficient tool for the design of lightweight structures and has many applications, among others in automotive and aircraft industry. The project studies the employment of multigrid methods in the solution of very large linear systems with sparse symmetric positive definite matrices arising in interior point methods where, traditionally, direct techniques are used. The proposed multigrid approach proves to be more efficient than that with the direct solvers. In particular, it exhibits linear dependency of the computational effort on the problem size.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Mathematics
Funders: Other
Other Funders: Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Iraq
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics


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