Thermal dynamics of one-dimensional quantum systems

Bovo, Filippo (2015). Thermal dynamics of one-dimensional quantum systems. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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In this work we examine the dynamics of one-dimensional systems. We present a continuum approach to the construction of the non-equilibrium Keldysh functional integral and derive a relation between the classical and quantum fields of the Keldysh formalism and the occupation of a state. Using the Keldysh formalism, we give a self-contained presentation of bosonization and refermionisation of fermionic and bosonic interacting particles. We derive the first two non-linear corrections to linear bosonization due to the fermionic spectrum curvature using the functional integral formalism. Using the previous results, we study the thermal dynamics of one-dimensional systems. We consider both the phonons, coming from bosonization, and fermionic quasiparticles, coming from refermionisation, in a single theory. Having them in a single theory is justified by a scale separation between them. Studying the dynamical structure factor we find three regimes. From higher to lower energies we have a ballistic and a collisional regimes of fermionic quasiparticles and a hydrodynamical regime of non-linear phonons. The phase field of the non-linear bosons satisfies the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation, thereby linking the dynamics of one-dimensional quantum systems to the universality class of surface growth. The time-scale separating the phononic and fermionic quasiparticle regimes is very long for up-to-date experiments, meaning that the ballistic regime of fermionic quasiparticles is the only one likely to be observed. Since this approach has a limited range of validity for weakly interacting bosons, we derive their dynamical structure factor using a semiclassical approach.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Physics and Astronomy
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics


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