The future of the creative economy in Europe: an empirical analysis across the main European regions

Zhao, Kai (2015). The future of the creative economy in Europe: an empirical analysis across the main European regions. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Using newly derived panel data from NUTS 2 regions in Europe, the role of creative workers is systematically evaluated in this Ph.D. thesis. First of all, a Growth Accounting model is used together with two empirical models for testing the economic impact of creative workers and ICT. It appears that the development level of the creative economy is unbalanced across the main European regions. However, there is a complementary relationship between ICT and creative skills in explaining output and productivity growth. This thesis then develops an empirical model to investigate how creative workers are distributed across different European regions. The findings suggest that Florida’s (2013) theoretical framework has explanatory power in larger regions. In contrast, how well a local government performs has a substantial impact on the influx of creative workers among small-sized regions, and the overall quality of political institutions appears to enhance this process. Finally, this thesis briefly discusses the possible factors that could determine the outcome of creative jobs. The results imply that education background is generally consistent with creative job outcomes, but it is difficult to identify a clear boundary regarding creative jobs among occupations that require and use higher education.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
School or Department: Birmingham Business School, Department of Management
Funders: European Commission
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions


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