The neural basis of visual material properties in the human brain

Sun, Hua-Chun (2015). The neural basis of visual material properties in the human brain. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Three independent studies with human functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measurements were designed to investigate the neural basis of visual glossiness processing in the human brain. The first study is to localize brain areas preferentially responding to glossy objects defined by specular reflectance. We found activations related to gloss in the posterior fusiform (pFs) and in area V3B/KO. The second study is to investigate how the visual-induced haptic sensation is achieved in our brain. We found that in secondary somatosensory area (S2) was distinguishable between glossy and rough surfaces, suggesting that visual information about object surfaces may be transformed into tactile information in S2. In the third study we investigate how the brain processes surface gloss information conveyed by disparity of specular reflections on stereo mirror objects and compared it with the processing of specular reflectance. We found that both dorsal and ventral areas were involving in this processing. The result implicates that in this region the processing of stereoscopic gloss information has a pattern of activation that is additional to the representation of specular reflectance. Overall, the three studies contribute to our understanding about the neural basis of visual glossiness and material processing in the human brain.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
School or Department: School of Psychology
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology


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