Crystallisation of active pharmaceutical ingredients using ionic liquids

Smith, Kenneth Baird (2015). Crystallisation of active pharmaceutical ingredients using ionic liquids. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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It is proposed that Ionic Liquids offer a new opportunity for exploration into a novel medium for processing Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients, particularly with respect to habit control and polymorphic form.
A review of relevant literature relating to ionic liquids properties, commercial applications and current research has been summarised together with background into fundamental crystallisation theory. Crystallisations using thermal methods were employed at laboratory scale and the physical properties of the resultant powders were analysed and compared to commonly encountered crystal forms. For paracetamol it was found that the morphology of the crystals could be manipulated, producing in some cases, habits not reported for conventional organic solvent crystallisation. This was achieved through changing both the IL used and the saturation of the system whilst in all cases retaining the most stable polymorph.
ILs ILs to be ‘designed’ for a given API but greater understanding of the interactions between IL and solute are required first. Properties such as increased solvation power, thermal stability, liquidus range and low vapour pressure bring a number of advantages when designing industrial crystallisations. However ILs also have a number of disadvantages including phase separation problems.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Chemical Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology


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