Studying the role of B-Myb during somatic reprogramming and in iPSCS

Ward, Carl Ross James (2015). Studying the role of B-Myb during somatic reprogramming and in iPSCS. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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Somatic cell reprogramming towards a pluripotent stem cell-like state occurs in an organized way, with rapid changes in gene expression during the first days of induction. Little is known about the mechanisms that lead to DNA double strand breaks (DSB) and genome instability during reprogramming.
Amongst genes upregulated during reprogramming is that encoding the transcription factor B-Myb. \(B\)-\(myb\) RNA levels increase gradually from day 2 of reprogramming, earlier than those encoding pluripotency factors such as \(Nanog\).
Despite its possible function as a regulator of the pluripotent state, B-Myb has a general role in the regulation of proliferation, and genome stability throughout the animal kingdom, raising the possibility that the activity of this protein is linked to the DSBs observed during reprogramming.
To explore this possibility, reprogramming studies were performed in which B-Myb expression was modified: B-\(myb\)-/- MEFs were incapable of reprogramming after transduction with OSKM lentivirus (Oct4/Sox2/Klf4/c-Myc). However, unexpectedly, co-expression of B-Myb together with OSK (OSKB lentivirus), severely impaired the efficiency of reprogramming.
Interestingly, the iPSC colonies appeared more ESC-like and had less DSBs.
My results show that both the level of the B-Myb expression is crucial during early stages of reprogramming, indicating that B-Myb is a gatekeeper for reprogramming.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Medical & Dental Sciences
School or Department: School of Immunity and Infection
Funders: Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)


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