Characterising geometric errors in rotary axes of 5-axis machine tools

Jiang, Xiaogeng (2015). Characterising geometric errors in rotary axes of 5-axis machine tools. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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It is critical to ensure that a 5-axis machine tool is operating within its geometric tolerance. However, there are various sources of errors influencing its accuracy; testing them with current methods requires expensive equipment and long machine down time. This motivates the development of a simple and fast way to identify and characterise geometric errors of 5-axis machine tools. A method using a Double Ball Bar (DBB) is proposed to characterise rotary axes Position Independent Geometric Errors (PIGEs), which are caused by imperfections during assembly of machine components. An established method is used to test the same PIGEs, and the results are used to validate the developed method. The Homogeneous Transformation Matrices (HTMs) are used to build up a machine tool model and generate DBB error plots due to different PIGEs based on the given testing scheme. The simulated DBB trace patterns can be used to evaluate individual error impacts for known faults and diagnose machine tool conditions. The main contribution is the development of the fast and simple characterisation of the PIGEs of rotary axes. The results show the effectiveness and improved efficiency of the new methods, which can be considered for 5-axis machine tool maintenance and checking.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery


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