Simulation methods for vehicle disc brake noise, vibration & harshness

Esgandari, Mohammad (2015). Simulation methods for vehicle disc brake noise, vibration & harshness. University of Birmingham. Ph.D.

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After decades of investigating brake noise using advanced tools and methods, brake squeal remains a major problem of the automotive industry. The Finite Element Analysis (FEA) method has long been used as a means of reliable simulation of brake noise, mainly using the Complex Eigenvalue Analysis (CEA) to predict the occurrence of instabilities resulting in brake noise. However it has been shown that CEA often over-predicts instabilities.

A major improvement for CEA proposed in this study is tuning the model with an accurate level of damping. Different sources of damping are investigated and the system components are tuned using Rayleigh damping method. Also, an effective representative model for the brake insulator is proposed. The FEA model of the brake system tuned with the damping characteristics highlights the actual unstable frequencies by eliminating the over-predictions.

This study also investigates effectiveness of a hybrid Implicit-Explicit FEA method which combines frequency domain and time domain solution schemes. The time/frequency domain co-simulation analysis presents time-domain analysis results more efficiently.

Frictional forces are known as a major contributing factor in brake noise generation. A new brake pad design is proposed, addressing the frictional forces at the disc-pad contact interface. This concept is based on the hypothesis that variation of frictional coefficient over the radius of the brake pad is effective in reducing the susceptibility of brake squeal.

Type of Work: Thesis (Doctorates > Ph.D.)
Award Type: Doctorates > Ph.D.
College/Faculty: Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
School or Department: School of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: None/not applicable
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery


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